In recent days, Health and Family Planning Commission of Jinan Municipality formulated ”Three Groups” Action Plan for Poverty Alleviation through Medical Aid with other departments concerned. Between 2017 and 2020, different treatments will be given to the rural poor who have been verified to suffer from serious and chronic diseases based on their illnesses, to ensure aid is given to the poor according to their diseases and to effectively help them get rid of poverty and prevent them from becoming poor again because of their illnesses. The measures to be taken include the follows. First, those who suffer from serious illnesses will be collectively given treatment. Types of diseases (69 categories) needing treatment will be determined and special treatment will be provided for poor rural families suffered from them. The rural poor who suffer from serious illnesses and whose file cards have been filled in will receive collective cure at designated hospitals, with determined diagnosis and treatment schemes and according to standards for single disease charges to strengthen treatment quality management and responsibility performance (namely “three determinations and two enhancements”). Second, those who suffer from chronic diseases will be contracted to receive service management. Types of chronic diseases (25 categories) will be determined, and rural poor who suffer from chronic diseases will have their file cards filled in and receive health management. Third, those suffering from severe diseases will be granted the minimum security. Efforts will be made to improve the level of medical treatment and security, carry out commercial supplementary insurance system and motivate social forces to participate in poverty relief, to decrease the expenses of rural poor whose file cards have been completed for medical treatment and effectively prevent them from becoming poor or returning poor once more due to diseases.